Ultimate Four Purposes to live a joyful human life

Introduction

In this post we are considering how based on Vedic Philosophy it is possible for one to lead a life full of joy, Under this philosophy, human beings are said to have four main directions namely Dharma (duty/righteousness), Artha (wealth/prosperity), Kama (desire/pleasure) and Moksha (liberation) each of which has a different meaning altogether from the other in ordinary language.

In Hinduism, the three main gods revered are Shree Vishnu, who is known to be the creator; Shree Brahma, who sustains life; and Shree Shiv, who destroys it. Among humankind’s highest aspects is the soul—never born nor dead. Our life’s happiness or sadness depends entirely on what we do with ourselves.

Note

(It Has No Exact Equivalent In The English Language, In Other Words, No Comparison Or Developed And Generated From Another Great Ancient Of India)

We shall describe these briefly in the following parts:-

  1. DHARMA – Righteousness,
  2. ARTHA – Acquisition of wealth by proper means and its right use
  3. KAMA – Fulfillment of noble desires
  4. MOKSHA – Liberation or the final Goal

1. Dharma (duty/righteousness)

Dharma signifies the conduct one should uphold, and its meaning goes beyond religion. Dharma, a Sanskrit term, translates to righteousness and adopting noble qualities in life. It is the process of cultivating virtuous behavior and understanding its essence.

    Dharma has two components:

    having genuine faith in god, encompassing qualities like honesty, responsibility, and courage, and walking the path of truth and honesty in life. Hence, our eternal duty, known as Sanatan Dharma, guides us on the path of righteousness that has always existed and will continue to do so.

    Now we will discuss the most important qualities that should be present in a person if someone says, “I am a religious person.

    1. Patience: Regardless of the situation, a person should remain calm and maintain self-control.
    2. Mind Control: A person should always have control over their restless mind, which tends to fluctuate greatly.
    3. Forgiveness: A person should have the courage to forgive others, which is only possible when one is mentally and physically strong. If things escalate, one should respond considering the present time. Do not forgive mistakes to the extent that people start considering you weak. Even after committing 100 mistakes, Lord Krishna punished Shishupala.
    4. Avoid Theft: It means one should not forcefully take anything from anyone. However, we pay the right price for that item to that person or until that person willingly gives us that item.
    5. Cleanliness: A person should keep their body, mind, and surrounding environment clean and pure.
    6. Enhance Intelligence: A person should always learn something new and good from studies, self-experience, and the surroundings.
    7. Control over Senses: A person should have control over their actions and knowledge senses.
    8. Knowledge: A person should always learn as much as possible about physical, practical, and spiritual aspects from wherever they can.
    9. Trust: A person should always keep their thoughts and words true, meaning they should not lie.
    10. Control Anger: Regardless of the situation, a person should control their anger and remain calm. Science also says that 5 minutes of anger can waste 4 to 5 hours of your time.

    ARTHA – (right use of prosperity, economic values)

    1. Material wealth:

    This wealth is connected to Dharma. A person should donate a part of it to charity, not because of greed, but to help those in need. No one should become a slave to material wealth.

    • Physical material wealth (Bhautik dhan): It relates to your personal daily life and we should learn from proper education, daily experiences, and mistakes, whether ours or someone else’s.
    • Spiritual knowledge (Adhyatmik dhan): It is a bit difficult to learn, but nothing is impossible for a human being. For this, you have to focus on it over time. With time, meditation helps you give birth to a new version of yourself. Meditation means forgetting all the negativity in your life for some time and just observing your surroundings and making today better than the past with the positivity in your life.

    Spiritual Knowledge means knowing and recognizing yourself from within. It means your life, your rules – you should not regret anything in your life, thinking that if I had done this, it would have been like this today. Live your life in a mentally and physically strong way.

    1. Health (Swasthya dhan): Knowledge to make yourself strong physically, emotionally, and mentally. Eating healthy food, doing daily exercise, having good thoughts, and keeping negativity away.
    2. Contentment (Santusti): Being content is also wealth, meaning you should have control over greed. It provides mental peace in our lives and gives us the strength to remain calm. A person should work honestly in their life and give their best to do that work, and until they are satisfied with their results.

    Kama {Complete control over your desires}

    Sexual Desire:

    Sexual Desire comes in the first position, but there are two aspects of desire:
    One is under your control and is beneficial in life when you feel progressive in life or see progress in the world, your mind awakens the desire to achieve something new or explore something.
    The second is neither under your control nor beneficial for you, which destroys your life by engaging in wrong actions.
    Therefore, it is very important for us to learn to control both these desires.
    Everything is a play of our senses – simply put, senses are the physical power through which we perceive what is around us, such as what we see with our eyes, hear with our ears, or feel when we touch someone.
    To understand this, we need to understand how our desires arise.
    These desires arise from our thoughts – the way we think. When we repeatedly think about the same thing, it forms a pattern in our minds. For example, have you ever noticed that you heard a song somewhere, liked it, and then after some time, you started humming it? This happens because we think about it.
    And if we like something or something is bothering us, we keep thinking about it repeatedly, and it works like a fire that spreads, which is not easy to control.
    And if it is not under our control, we become destructive in life. Therefore, we should set a limit to our desires, not sit down to think about anything, and some desires that spread like fire are lust, greed, anger, jealousy, and it takes practice to control them. It takes time, and if we learn to control our desires and thoughts, life becomes much easier. This can be achieved by practicing Dharma if you wish, as we discussed earlier.

    Moksha:

    Moksha – this is the ultimate goal of human life. If I were to explain Moksha simply, it is attaining joy in life where there is no desire left to achieve anything else, which humans desire when they attain death. If there is any sorrow or regret left in their life, such as wanting to do something in life but not being able to do it, it is said that their soul does not find peace, meaning they do not attain Moksha. Attaining Moksha means being free from the sorrows and pains of life, and this is a part of human life. It is very difficult to achieve this in a single lifetime; very few people in this world can do so, such as those who have complete faith in God and are willing to give up anything in life.

    Now, what can be done to attain Moksha in life is:

    1. First is societal knowledge, which means experience, education, continuous learning that includes facts, concepts, and ideas.
    2. Second is human qualities, which means being honest, courageous, generous, and just.
    3. Third is faith, which means having belief, devotion, and faith in oneself.
    4. Fourth is being religious, which means having unwavering faith in God, emotional attachment. These four are interconnected; knowledge and societal knowledge are connected to human qualities, human qualities arise from faith, and faith is connected to devotion and societal knowledge.

    We humans are very unique in this world; we are different from all other beings and intelligent. We can distinguish between right and wrong in life. It’s not that other living beings are not intelligent, but we can understand religious matters. We humans can fight for freedom in life, but animals cannot. Those who are not free are just like other living beings. The meaning of Moksha is to seek inner happiness. But attaining Moksha is not that easy; we have to go through the three objectives of Vedic scriptures: Dharma, Kama, Artha. It means being free from unnecessary desires, and taking renunciation. But I won’t say that you should become a renunciant; that is not right in today’s age. Yes, achieve everything and then take renunciation after the age of 60. This is my personal opinion; it is not written anywhere that you should renounce after 60 years. Taking renunciation means getting rid of unnecessary desires, achieving Dharma, and Artha, controlling Kama, taking the name of God, and facing death, which liberates us from the sorrows of human life.

    Some tips that can help you in attaining Moksha:

    1. Accept that God is everywhere, wherever there is life, there is God – in trees, plants, living beings, and humans.
    2. Understand that our soul neither takes birth nor dies; it only changes bodies.
    3. The actions of a person’s present life affect their future life, and whatever we are experiencing in this life is a result of our actions in this life, and our birth is a result of our past actions.
    4. Sanatan Dharma is the oldest, greatest, and most correct; if you adopt these four objectives in your life, your life can be very good. This is what I believe; it is much more difficult than just reading.

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